I’m partway through Alan Hirsch and Tim Catchim’s latest book, Permanent Revolution, and it certainly provides some food for thought. It’s the most thorough treatment of APEST (Apostle, Prophet, Evangelist, Shepherd, Teacher) that I’ve seen. APEST, obviously, has huge implications in the world of church planting and Christian leadership.

One thought that has stood out to me so far is the assertion that all believers, not just leaders, fall somewhere on this spectrum. Whatever gifts God has given them, they tend to concentrate in one of these five areas. I’m sure I’ll have many more thoughts when I’ve finished the book, but for now I’d just encourage you to read along with me.